Sunday, September 22, 2013
A thermocouple consists of a pair of different metal or alloys joined together at both ends. One end, measuring junction, is placed where temperature is to be measured. The two conductors extend out of the measurement area to the reference junction. An electromotive force (emp or mV) is produced which is function of temperature difference between the two junctions and material of the wires.
E = k (T1 – T2)
Since the mV generated by the thermocouple is the function of temperature difference between the two junctions, control or compensation of reference junction temperature is required.